Purpose: The mechanism in regulation of the cell cycle and proliferation of corneal epithelium in the homeostatic ocular surface remains unclear. The aim of this study is to examine the expression of p27(KIP1) and its phosphorylation in corneal epithelium. Methods: The eyes of C57BL/6 mice (7 weeks old) were enucleated. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections were examined using immunohistochemistry with anti-p27(KIP1), threonine 187 phosphorylated p27(KIP1) (T187-phospho-p27), and phosphorylated Histon H3 (pHiston H3) antibodies. Anti-T187-phospho-p27 and anti-pHiston H3 polyclonal antibodies were used for parallel immunofluorescent staining. Results: pHiston H3-immunopositive cells were noted in basal cells of the corneal epithelium. At high magnification of DAPI nuclear staining, mitotic and non-mitotic cells were observed in corneal basal layer. p27(KIP1)-positive nuclei were detected in corneal basal cells, where non-mitotic basal cells were located. In contrast, mitotic cells showed under detectable level on p27(KIP1) immunoreactivity. Immunoreactivity for T187-phospho-p27 was detected in basal cells of the corneal epithelium. At high magnification, it was confirmed that the immunopositive cells were mitotic cells. Immunoreactivity of T187-phospho-p27 as well as pHiston H3 was localized in the same corneal basal cells using double-staining immunohistochemistry. Conclusions: These results suggested that degradation of p27(KIP1) regulates progression into mitosis in corneal basal cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience