Labelling technologies developed over the past few years have changed the way of looking at biomolecules and have made a considerable contribution to our understanding of the functions and regulation of dynamic biological processes. One of the robust technologies employed to image proteins in a cellular environment is based on the use of chemical tags and their fluorescent probes, which provides flexibility in developing probes with a wide range of synthetic fluorophores. A variety of chemical tags, ranging from short amino acid sequences to small proteins, have been employed to generate protein-labelling systems. One such chemical tag is the photoactive yellow protein (PYP)-tag, which is a small bacterial protein, developed for the selective labelling and imaging of proteins. Herein, we briefly discuss the protein-labelling system developed based on PYP-tag technology, with a focus on the design strategy for PYP-tag labelling probes and their applications in protein imaging.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology