Photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde in air over titanium dioxide

Jian Hua Xu, Fumihide Shiraishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde in air at initial concentrations ranging from 3 to 200 mg m-3 has been studied in a semitransparent closed box with an inlet volume of 0.056 m3. The photocatalytic reactors consisted of a glass tube, 250 mm long with inside diameters of 28, 35, or 45 mm, whose inner surface was coated with a thin film of titanium dioxide, and a 6-W blacklight fluorescent lamp located at the axis of the glass tube. The decomposition of acetaldehyde was almost complete within 1-3 h and its main product was carbon dioxide. A kinetic study showed that the photocatalytic reaction obeys a Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Although the light intensity was certainly decreased with the distance from the light source, the degree of this decrease was much smaller than the degree of the decrease in the kinetic constants, which suggests that the light intensity is not simply proportional to the degree of the photo-excitation of TiO2 and the rate of the resulting photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1100
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume74
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Acetaldehyde
acetaldehyde
Titanium dioxide
Air
decomposition
Decomposition
Light
light intensity
Glass
air
glass
kinetics
Fluorescent lamps
Kinetics
Photoexcitation
Adsorption isotherms
Carbon Dioxide
Adsorption
Light sources
Carbon dioxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde in air over titanium dioxide. / Xu, Jian Hua; Shiraishi, Fumihide.

In: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, Vol. 74, No. 11, 01.11.1999, p. 1096-1100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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