We developed a photo-chemical coupling reaction of α-keto esters with several simple alcohols, alkanes, ethers, and amides. Use of tertiary alkyl ester, α-cumyl ester, is the key for avoiding the known photo-degradation process. Intermolecular C-H bond activation and subsequent C-C bond formation were promoted by irradiation with an LED lamp (365 nm) without any additives. Among the coupling partners, reactions with sterically less demanding amides proceeded efficiently to provide unique N-acyl-β-amino-α-hydroxy acid derivatives. In benzene or acetone as a solvent, the reaction with a solid amino acid derivative provided a precursor of tetrahydro-1,4-diazepine-2,5-dione derivatives.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry