Phycocyanin and phycocyanobilin from spirulina platensis protect against diabetic nephropathy by inhibiting oxidative stress

Jing Zheng, Toyoshi Inoguchi, Shuji Sasaki, Yasutaka Maeda, Mark F. Mccarty, Masakazu Fujii, Noriko Ikeda, Kunihisa Kobayashi, Noriyuki Sonoda, Ryoichi Takayanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We and other investigators have reported that bilirubin and its precursor biliverdin may have beneficial effects on diabetic vascular complications, including nephropathy, via its antioxidant effects. Here, we investigated whether phycocyanin derived from Spirulina platensis, a blue-green algae, and its chromophore phycocyanobilin, which has a chemical structure similar to that of biliverdin, protect against oxidative stress and renal dysfunction in db/db mice, a rodent model for Type 2 diabetes. Oral administration of phycocyanin (300 mg/kg) for 10 wk protected against albuminuria and renal mesangial expansion in db/db mice, and normalized tumor growth factor- and fibronectin expression. Phycocyanin also normalized urinary and renal oxidative stress markers and the expression of NAD(P)H oxidase components. Similar antioxidant effects were observed following oral administration of phycocyanobilin (15 mg/kg) for 2 wk. Phycocyanobilin, bilirubin, and biliverdin also inhibited NADPH dependent superoxide production in cultured renal mesangial cells. In conclusion, oral administration of phycocyanin and phycocyanobilin may offer a novel and feasible therapeutic approach for preventing diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R110-R120
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume304
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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