Phylogeny and biogeography of wood-feeding cockroaches, genus Salganea Stål (Blaberidae: Panesthiinae), in Southeast Asia based on mitochondrial DNA sequences

Kiyoto Maekawa, Masahiro Kon, Kunio Araya, Tadao Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular phylogenetic relationships among 25 species of the wood-feeding cockroach belonging to the genus Salganea Stål (Panesthiinae; Blaberidae) in Southeast Asia were analyzed based on the DNA sequence of the complete mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II (COII) gene. Most basal relationships among species of Salganea are poorly resolved by both neighbor-joining and nonweighted parsimony analyses, suggesting the possibility of a hard polytomy due to a rapid and potentially simultaneous radiation early in the history of the genus. For more apical relationships, however, some interesting phylogenetic relationships were recognized. The monophyly of the two species groups, morio and foveolata, the former of which is distributed mainly in the Sunda lands (containing the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo), whereas the latter is Sulawesi endemic, was strongly supported. Based on the inferred phylogenetic patterns and recent palaeogeographic scenario for Southeast Asia, it is suggested that a radiation of Salganea species occurred in Southeast Asia presumably in the early Tertiary, and several barriers against dispersal and gene flow, such as the formation of straits or high mountains, have arisen from the middle Tertiary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-659
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Evolution
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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