Phylogeny of PgiC gene in Shorea and its closely related genera (Dipterocarpaceae), the dominant trees in southeast Asian tropical rain forests

Koichi Kamiya, Ko Harada, Hidenori Tachida, Peter Shaw Ashton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dipterocarpaceae, trees that dominate tropical rain forests in Southeast Asia consist of many economically and ecologically important species. We determined partial sequences of the PgiC gene from species of Shorea, Hopea, Neobalanocarpus, and Parashorea to elucidate phylogenetic relationships among the species of these genera, which have been regarded as interrelated. The sequences generated a gene tree with better resolution than previous cpDNA trees. The PgiC tree is essentially consistent with cpDNA trees, except for the placement of Neobalanocarpus. The PgiC tree shows that Neobalanocarpus is nested within White Meranti of Shorea, whereas this genus forms a clade with Hopea in cpDNA trees. This conflict suggests that Neobalanocarpus is derived via hybridization between White Meranti of Shorea and Hopea. Species belonging to each of three timber groups (Yellow Meranti, Balau, and Red Meranti) within Shorea are monophyletic. Together they form a monophyletic clade distinct from White Meranti. Botanical sections within Red Meranti appear not to be monophyletic. An extensive number of shared polymorphisms among species and consequential lack of monophyly of intraspecific haplotypes are found in Red Meranti. Potential causes of this phenomenon, including persistence of ancestral polymorphisms and gene flow via interspecific hybridization, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-788
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Botany
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

Dipterocarpaceae
Shorea
Neobalanocarpus
tropical rain forests
Phylogeny
phylogeny
Hopea
gene
Genes
chloroplast DNA
genes
Parashorea
polymorphism
genetic polymorphism
interspecific hybridization
Southeastern Asia
Gene Flow
Rainforest
tropical rain forest
South East Asia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Phylogeny of PgiC gene in Shorea and its closely related genera (Dipterocarpaceae), the dominant trees in southeast Asian tropical rain forests. / Kamiya, Koichi; Harada, Ko; Tachida, Hidenori; Ashton, Peter Shaw.

In: American Journal of Botany, Vol. 92, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 775-788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamiya, Koichi ; Harada, Ko ; Tachida, Hidenori ; Ashton, Peter Shaw. / Phylogeny of PgiC gene in Shorea and its closely related genera (Dipterocarpaceae), the dominant trees in southeast Asian tropical rain forests. In: American Journal of Botany. 2005 ; Vol. 92, No. 5. pp. 775-788.
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