Physical and Chemical Modification of Low-Rank Coals with Alkyl Chains and the Roles of Incorporated Groups in Pyrolysis

Hayashi Jun-Ichiro, Tsutomu Kawakami, Katsuki Kusakabe, Shigeharu Morooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methyl, ethyl, octyl, naphthylmethyl, or tetralylmethyl groups were introduced to acid-washed Morwell brown coal by O-alkylation (Liotta method). Then the alkylated coals as well as acid-washed raw coal were pyrolyzed at a heating rate of 10 °C/s. The role of alkyl groups as inhibitor of cross-linking reactions and stabilizer of fragment radicals during the pyrolysis was affected by their chain length. The increase in tar yield on the basis of alkyl-free coal mass was most significant with octylated coal. Further, Morwell and Wandoan coals were impregnated with higher paraffinic alcohols, 1-octanol and 1-octadecanol, by a thermally induced solvent swelling method and were pyrolyzed in a free-fall reactor at 700–900 °C. Both alcohols effectively increased the yield of volatile matters by 3–9 wt % on the daf coal mass basis, indicating that long alkyl chains promoted the production of liquid compounds in flash pyrolysis even if they were not chemically bound to coal molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1122
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993

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Coal
Chemical modification
Pyrolysis
Alcohols
1-Octanol
Acids
Tars
Tar
Alkylation
Lignite
Heating rate
Chain length
Swelling
Molecules
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Physical and Chemical Modification of Low-Rank Coals with Alkyl Chains and the Roles of Incorporated Groups in Pyrolysis. / Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi; Kawakami, Tsutomu; Kusakabe, Katsuki; Morooka, Shigeharu.

In: Energy and Fuels, Vol. 7, No. 6, 01.01.1993, p. 1118-1122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi ; Kawakami, Tsutomu ; Kusakabe, Katsuki ; Morooka, Shigeharu. / Physical and Chemical Modification of Low-Rank Coals with Alkyl Chains and the Roles of Incorporated Groups in Pyrolysis. In: Energy and Fuels. 1993 ; Vol. 7, No. 6. pp. 1118-1122.
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