T4 endonuclease V [endodeoxyribonuclease (pyrimidine dimer), EC 220.127.116.11)], which is involved in repair of UV-damaged DNA, has been purified to apparent physical homogeneity. Incubation of UV-irradiated poly(dA).poly(dT) with the purified enzyme preparations resulted in production of alkali-labile apyrimidinic sites, followed by formation of nicks in the polymer. The activity to produce alkali-labile sites was optimal in a relatively broad pH range (pH 6.0-8.5), whereas the activity to form nicks had a narrow optimum near pH 6.5. By performing a limited reaction with T4 endonuclease V at pH 8.5, irradiated polymer was converted to an intermediate form that carried a large number of alkali-labile sites but only a few nicks. The intermediate was used as substrate for the assay of apurinic/apyrimidinic DNA endonuclease activity [endodeoxyribonuclease (apurinic or apyrimidinic, EC 18.104.22.168]. The two activities, a pyrimidine dimer DNA glycosylase and an apurinic/apyrimidinic DNA endonuclease, were copurified and found in enzyme preparations that contained only a 16,000-dalton polypeptide. An enzyme fraction from cells infected with bacteriophage T4v1, a mutant that is sensitive to UV radiation, was defective in both glycosylase and endonuclease activities. Moreover, occurrence of an amber mutation in the denV gene caused a simultaneous loss of the two activities, and suppression of the mutation rendered both activities partially active. These results strongly suggested that a DNA glycosylase specific for pyrimidine dimers and an apurinic/apyrimidinic DNA endonuclease reside in a single polypeptide chain coded by the denV gene of bacteriophage T4. Because the two activities exhibited different thermosensitivity, it was further suggested that conformation of the active sites for these activities may be different.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - May 1981|
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