Scramjet engines are a hypersonic airbreathing technology that offers a potential for economical and flexible space transportation in lieu of traditional rocket-based systems. Accurate prediction of inviscid flowfields is of particular importance for high-performance intake design, prior to consideration of viscous effects in the design process. Further, inviscid axisymmetric intakes serve as a base for streamline tracing, one of the most promising design methodologies for scramjet intakes. Multi-objective optimization studies have been conducted via surrogate-assisted evolutionary algorithm to gain physical insights into axisymmetric intake design in this study. The results indicate the existence of global optimum solutions that can simultaneously achieve maximum compression efficiency and minimum drag for any degree of compression in case the outflow is supersonic at the intake exit, which has been verified by theory. In addition, a correlation between compression efficiency and flow uniformity has been found and discussed quantitatively. This assures the optimality of the Busemann intakes in that they simultaneously offer high compression efficiency and uniform flow at the intake exit in the inviscid regime.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering