Physicochemical and spectroscopic characteristics of charred plant fragments in japanese volcanic ash soils

Syusaku Nishimura, Nobuhide Fujitake, Syuntaro Hiradate, Haruo Shindo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed the physicochemical and spectroscopic properties of three charred plant fragments (CPF) that were isolated from three volcanic ash soils in Japan. Values of δC showed that the CPF originated from C3 and C4 plants. The contribution ratio of C4 plants to the CPF was much higher in Soils 1 and 3 than in Soil 2. Values of δN of the CPF were higher in Soil 3 isolated from the deeper soil horizons. Light reflectance values suggested that part of the CPF experienced combustion temperatures higher than 400 C in Soil 2 and less than 400 C in the other soils, respectively. Atomic [H]/[C] and [O]/[C] ratios suggested that the CPF were subjected to weathering (oxidative degradation and hydrolysis) in soil for a long period after burning. The degree of weathering was considered to be larger in Soils 1 and 3. Spectra of C-NMR of the CPF, except the area of alkyl-C, were similar. Infrared (IR) spectra of three CPF, except aliphatic C-H stretching, were also similar to each other. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the CPF in Soil 2 clearly revealed the presence of graphite-like structure. From these findings, it was assumed that the physicochemical and spectroscopic characteristics of the CPF were strongly influenced by the type of burnt vegetation.Copyrigh

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-700
Number of pages6
JournalSoil Science
Volume177
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2012

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volcanic ash soils
plant characteristics
volcanic ash
soil
C4 plants
C4 plant
weathering
C3 plants
soil horizons
combustion
C3 plant
X-ray diffraction
plant anatomy
reflectance
soil horizon
hydrolysis
graphite
nuclear magnetic resonance
Japan
vegetation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Physicochemical and spectroscopic characteristics of charred plant fragments in japanese volcanic ash soils. / Nishimura, Syusaku; Fujitake, Nobuhide; Hiradate, Syuntaro; Shindo, Haruo.

In: Soil Science, Vol. 177, No. 12, 01.12.2012, p. 695-700.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishimura, Syusaku ; Fujitake, Nobuhide ; Hiradate, Syuntaro ; Shindo, Haruo. / Physicochemical and spectroscopic characteristics of charred plant fragments in japanese volcanic ash soils. In: Soil Science. 2012 ; Vol. 177, No. 12. pp. 695-700.
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