Piceatannol is a phenolic stilbenoid and a metabolite of resveratrol which is found in red wine. Piceatannol (PIC) commonly exhibits anti-inflammatory, antiplatelet and antiproliferative activity. In the present study, the anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of PIC were investigated by examining the effects of PIC on pro inflammatory cytokine release and phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases (ERK, JNK and p38) in a human mast cell line. PIC dose-dependently inhibited compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylaxis and immunoglobulin E-mediated local allergic reactions. PIC reduced the immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated local allergic reaction and attenuated histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. Histamine and β-hexosaminidase release was markedly decreased dose-dependently by PIC treatment in RBL-2H3 cells. PIC treatments of HMC-1 cells definitely reduced mRNA expression and the release of the pro inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-8. MAP kinase phosphorylation was also strongly decreased dose-dependently following PIC treatment. PIC regulated the production of cytokines and histamine in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate plus A23187-stimulated mast cells. Thus, PIC may alleviate allergic inflammation and may be a useful therapeutic agent for allergic diseases.
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