To clarify the mechanism of the stimulatory effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) on bone formation, we investigated the effect of pitavastatin, a newly developed statin, on expression of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and osteocalcin in primary cultured human osteoblasts. Pitavastatin increased the expression level of mRNA for BMP-2, and much more effectively for osteocalcin. This stimulatory effect was abolished by the addition of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, an essential molecule for prenylation of small GTP-binding proteins such as Rho GTPase, but not by inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase and various protein kinases. Pitavastatin suppressed the Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase) activity. Hydroxyfasudil, a specific inhibitor of Rho-kinase, increased BMP-2 and osteocalcin expression. These mRNA levels were strongly suppressed by dexamethasone, but restored by co-treatment with hydroxyfasudil. These observations suggest that the Rho-kinase negatively regulates bone formation and the inhibition of Rho and Rho-kinase pathway is the major mechanism of the statin effect on bone. Moreover, a Rho-kinase inhibitor may be a new therapeutic reagent for the treatment of osteoporosis such as glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 21 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology