### Abstract

We consider a distributed system consisting of autonomous mobile computing entities called robots moving in the three-dimensional space (3D-space). The robots are anonymous, oblivious, fully-synchronous and have neither any access to the global coordinate system nor any explicit communication medium. Each robot cooperates with other robots by observing the positions of other robots in its local coordinate system. One of the most fundamental agreement problems in 3D-space is the plane formation problem that requires the robots to land on a common plane, that is not predefined. This problem is not always solvable because of the impossibility of symmetry breaking. While existing results assume that the robots agree on the handedness of their local coordinate systems, we remove the assumption and consider the robots without chirality. The robots without chirality can never break the symmetry consisting of rotation symmetry and reflection symmetry. Such symmetry in 3D-space is fully described by 17 symmetry types each of which forms a group. We extend the notion of symmetricity [Suzuki and Yamashita, SIAM J. Compt. 1999] [Yamauchi et al., PODC 2016] to cover these 17 symmetry groups. Then we give a characterization of initial configurations from which the fully-synchronous robots without chirality can form a plane in terms of symmetricity.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems, OPODIS 2017 |

Publisher | Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing |

Volume | 95 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9783959770613 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Mar 1 2018 |

Event | 21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems, OPODIS 2017 - Lisboa, Portugal Duration: Dec 18 2017 → Dec 20 2017 |

### Other

Other | 21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems, OPODIS 2017 |
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Country | Portugal |

City | Lisboa |

Period | 12/18/17 → 12/20/17 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Software

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## Cite this

*21st International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems, OPODIS 2017*(Vol. 95). [13] Schloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2017.13