Plasma concentrations of antipsychotic drugs in psychiatric inpatients

H. Tokunaga, K. Kudo, T. Imamura, N. Jitsufuchi, Y. Ohtsuka, N. Ikeda

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In current psychiatric therapy, two or more kinds of antipsychotic drugs are usually prescribed in Japan. However, there are few data on the therapeutic plasma concentrations of antipsychotic drugs or on the correlation between the daily dose and the plasma concentration, in cases where several antipsychotic drugs had been prescribed for each patient. We measured the therapeutic plasma concentrations of 9 antipsychotic drugs in 24 psychiatric inpatients during a 6-month period. They were treated with fixed dosages of antipsychotic drugs. Plasma samples were collected early in the morning once a month, and the concentrations of antipsychotic drugs were determined by gas chromatography with nitrogen phosphorus detection, high- performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection and HPLC with UV detection. The plasma levels of chlorpromazine, levomepromazine, thioridazine, haloperidol, bromperidol, zotepine, oxypertine, sulpiride and sultopride were 21.8-92.4, 31.7-156, 101-203, 16.4-56.2, 2.72-11.7, 13.6- 84.0, 29.9-80.4, 70.1-1,120 and 35.7-2,990 ng/ml, respectively. A linear correlation between the daily dose and the plasma concentration was noted for sultopride, levomepromazine, sulpiride, haloperidol, chlorpromazine and zotepine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-422
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Legal Medicine
Volume51
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy
  • Law

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