Plasmalogen mediates integration of adherens junction

Takanori Takahashi, Masanori Honsho, Yuichi Abe, Yukio Fujiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ether glycerolipids, plasmalogens are found in various mammalian cells and tissues. However, physiological role of plasmalogens in epithelial cells remains unknown. We herein show that synthesis of ethanolamine-containing plasmalogens, plasmenylethanolamine (PlsEtn), is deficient in MCF7 cells, an epithelial cell line, with severely reduced expression of alkyl-dihydroxyacetonephosphate synthase (ADAPS), the second enzyme in the PlsEtn biosynthesis. Moreover, expression of ADAPS or supplementation of PlsEtn containing C18-alkenyl residue delays the migration of MCF7 cells as compared to that mock-treated MCF7 and C16-alkenyl-PlsEtn-supplemented MCF7 cells. Localization of E-cadherin to cell-cell junctions is highly augmented in cells containing C18-alkenyl-PlsEtn. Together, these results suggest that PlsEtn containing C18-alkenyl residue plays a distinct role in the integrity of E-cadherin-mediated adherens junction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-432
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume166
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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