Plastome-genome incompatibility of Rhododendron serpyllifolium (A. Gray) miq. to evergreen azalea species belonging to series Kaempferia

Ayano Michishita, Kenji Ureshino, Ikuo Miyajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To confirm that unilateral cross-incompatibility exists between Rhododendron serpyllifolium, series Serpyllifolia, and six evergreen azaleas belonging to series Kaempferia, interspecific crosses were conducted. In crosses with R. serpyllifolium as seed parents, few seeds of the progenies germinated; the survivors developed into plants with green leaves which PCR-RFLP analysis showed as having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA. In the reciprocal crosses with R. serpyllifolium as pollen parents, many seeds germinated but many were non-viable albinos which had Kaempferia type ptDNA. In crosses between R. transiens (Accession 1) × R. serpyllifolium (Accession 1), however, relatively high frequency of green seedlings having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA appeared. From these results, we conclude that it is better to use R. serpyllifolium as pollen parent for obtaining many seedlings, and that, in this case, R. transiens (Accession 1) is useful as bridge plants for overcoming plastome-genome incompatibility between R. serpyllifolium and series Kaempferia species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-381
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Volume71
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2002

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Kaempferia
Rhododendron
genome
seeds
pollen
seedlings
reciprocal crosses
albino
restriction fragment length polymorphism
leaves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Cite this

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title = "Plastome-genome incompatibility of Rhododendron serpyllifolium (A. Gray) miq. to evergreen azalea species belonging to series Kaempferia",
abstract = "To confirm that unilateral cross-incompatibility exists between Rhododendron serpyllifolium, series Serpyllifolia, and six evergreen azaleas belonging to series Kaempferia, interspecific crosses were conducted. In crosses with R. serpyllifolium as seed parents, few seeds of the progenies germinated; the survivors developed into plants with green leaves which PCR-RFLP analysis showed as having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA. In the reciprocal crosses with R. serpyllifolium as pollen parents, many seeds germinated but many were non-viable albinos which had Kaempferia type ptDNA. In crosses between R. transiens (Accession 1) × R. serpyllifolium (Accession 1), however, relatively high frequency of green seedlings having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA appeared. From these results, we conclude that it is better to use R. serpyllifolium as pollen parent for obtaining many seedlings, and that, in this case, R. transiens (Accession 1) is useful as bridge plants for overcoming plastome-genome incompatibility between R. serpyllifolium and series Kaempferia species.",
author = "Ayano Michishita and Kenji Ureshino and Ikuo Miyajima",
year = "2002",
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journal = "Horticulture Journal",
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AU - Ureshino, Kenji

AU - Miyajima, Ikuo

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N2 - To confirm that unilateral cross-incompatibility exists between Rhododendron serpyllifolium, series Serpyllifolia, and six evergreen azaleas belonging to series Kaempferia, interspecific crosses were conducted. In crosses with R. serpyllifolium as seed parents, few seeds of the progenies germinated; the survivors developed into plants with green leaves which PCR-RFLP analysis showed as having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA. In the reciprocal crosses with R. serpyllifolium as pollen parents, many seeds germinated but many were non-viable albinos which had Kaempferia type ptDNA. In crosses between R. transiens (Accession 1) × R. serpyllifolium (Accession 1), however, relatively high frequency of green seedlings having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA appeared. From these results, we conclude that it is better to use R. serpyllifolium as pollen parent for obtaining many seedlings, and that, in this case, R. transiens (Accession 1) is useful as bridge plants for overcoming plastome-genome incompatibility between R. serpyllifolium and series Kaempferia species.

AB - To confirm that unilateral cross-incompatibility exists between Rhododendron serpyllifolium, series Serpyllifolia, and six evergreen azaleas belonging to series Kaempferia, interspecific crosses were conducted. In crosses with R. serpyllifolium as seed parents, few seeds of the progenies germinated; the survivors developed into plants with green leaves which PCR-RFLP analysis showed as having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA. In the reciprocal crosses with R. serpyllifolium as pollen parents, many seeds germinated but many were non-viable albinos which had Kaempferia type ptDNA. In crosses between R. transiens (Accession 1) × R. serpyllifolium (Accession 1), however, relatively high frequency of green seedlings having R. serpyllifolium type ptDNA appeared. From these results, we conclude that it is better to use R. serpyllifolium as pollen parent for obtaining many seedlings, and that, in this case, R. transiens (Accession 1) is useful as bridge plants for overcoming plastome-genome incompatibility between R. serpyllifolium and series Kaempferia species.

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