We evaluated the association of the plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) gene polymorphism (G994→T) and PAF-AH activity with susceptibility and severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Japanese. DNA was collected from 216 patients with clinically definite MS (65 opticospinal MS (OS-MS) and 151 conventional MS (C-MS)) and from 213 healthy controls. The missense mutation G994→T that disrupts the PAF-AH activity was determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). No statistically significant difference in the frequency of genotypes and alleles of the plasma PAF-AH polymorphism was observed among OS-MS patients, C-MS patients and healthy controls. However, the missense mutation tended to be associated with the severity of OS-MS, especially in females (GT/TT genotypes; 51.7% in female rapidly progressive OS-MS vs. 26.6% in female controls, p=0.0870). Moreover, PAF-AH activities were significantly lower in MS than in controls, irrespective of clinical subtypes, among those carrying the identical polymorphism in terms of nucleotide position 994 of the PAF-AH gene. These findings suggest that the PAF-AH gene missense mutation has no relation to either susceptibility or severity of C-MS, yet its activity is down-regulated, and that the mutation has no relation with susceptibility of OS-MS, yet it may confer the severity of female OS-MS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology