Platelet-derived growth factor-induced severe and chronic vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries: Proposed growth factor explanation of cerebral vasospasm

Zhi Wen Zhang, Hiroji Yanamoto, Izumi Nagata, Susumu Miyamoto, Yukako Nakajo, Jing Hui Xue, Koji Iihara, Haruhiko Kikuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: After subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is secreted in and around the cerebral arteries. To clarify the role of PDGF-BB in the development of vasospasm after SAH, we determined whether PDGF-BB alone can cause long-lasting vasoconstriction of a severity similar to that of vasospasm. In addition, the anti-vasospastic effect of trapidil, an antagonist of PDGF-BB function, was investigated. METHODS: We infused recombinant PDGF-BB (10 μg/mL saline as the vehicle) (n = 14) into the subarachnoid space of rabbits and analyzed alterations in the caliber of the basilar artery using repeated angiography. To study the role of PDGF-BB on the development of vasospasm, trapidil was administered continuously starting 1 hour after SAH, on day 0 (0.63-1.25 mg/kg /h or vehicle) for 47 hours (n = 24), or after the full development of cerebral vasospasm on day 2 (3.0 mg/kg/h or vehicle) for 0.5 hours (n = 17), and alterations in the caliber of the basilar artery were monitored. RESULTS: PDGF-BB caused long-lasting vasoconstriction, with maximum constriction of 56% (P < .001) of the control value (= 100%) on day 2, resembling vasospasm seen after SAH. Prolonged administration of intravenous trapidil, starting soon after SAH, prevented the development of vasospasm in a dose-dependent manner (P < .05, .01, or .001). Intravenous or intra-arterial administration of trapidil significantly dilated vasospasm (P < .01) on day 2, at least transiently. CONCLUSION: PDGF-BB, a growth factor synthesized in the subarachnoid space after SAH, can cause severe and long-lasting vasoconstriction. Significant prevention and resolution of vasospasm can be achieved by the PDGF-BB antagonist trapidil. We propose that excessive production of PDGF-BB, essentially aiming to repair injured arteries, causes cerebral vasospasm. Although the half-life of trapidil in serum may be shorter than that of PDGFG-BB-derived spasmogenic signaling, trapidil is a candidate drug for constructing a new therapeutic modality for preventing and resolving vasospasm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-735
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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