Poisoning of SOFC anodes by various fuel impurities

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Abstract

Poisoning effects by various fuel impurities, including H2S, CH3SH, COS, Cl2, and siloxane, to Ni-ScSZ cermet anodes have been analyzed and compared. Degradation of cell performance caused by these impurities was characterized by measuring cell voltage and anode polarization at a constant current density of 0.2 Acm- 2 for humidified H2 and CH4 fuels. Poisoning for hydrogen-based fuels containing 5 ppm sulfur compounds, H2S, CH3SH, and COS, caused an initial cell voltage drop of about 15 mV at 1000 °C. The initial voltage drop was independent of the kind of sulfur compounds, whereas in the case of poisoning by CH3SH, an additional gradual decrease in cell voltage was clearly detected after the initial voltage drop. Thermochemical calculation and FESEM-EDX analysis also indicated that the poisoning by Cl2 caused the formation of nickel nano-particles on zirconia grains via NiCl2 (g), while the poisoning by siloxane formed segregated silica (SiO2) in porous cermet anodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1431
Number of pages5
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume179
Issue number27-32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 30 2008

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poisoning
Cermet Cements
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Siloxanes
Sulfur Compounds
Anodes
anodes
Sulfur compounds
Impurities
impurities
electric potential
sulfur compounds
siloxanes
cells
Electric potential
Nickel
Silicon Dioxide
Zirconia
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Hydrogen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Poisoning of SOFC anodes by various fuel impurities. / Haga, K.; Adachi, S.; Shiratori, Yusuke; Ito, Kohei; Sasaki, Kazunari.

In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 179, No. 27-32, 30.09.2008, p. 1427-1431.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Adachi, S.

AU - Shiratori, Yusuke

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AU - Sasaki, Kazunari

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N2 - Poisoning effects by various fuel impurities, including H2S, CH3SH, COS, Cl2, and siloxane, to Ni-ScSZ cermet anodes have been analyzed and compared. Degradation of cell performance caused by these impurities was characterized by measuring cell voltage and anode polarization at a constant current density of 0.2 Acm- 2 for humidified H2 and CH4 fuels. Poisoning for hydrogen-based fuels containing 5 ppm sulfur compounds, H2S, CH3SH, and COS, caused an initial cell voltage drop of about 15 mV at 1000 °C. The initial voltage drop was independent of the kind of sulfur compounds, whereas in the case of poisoning by CH3SH, an additional gradual decrease in cell voltage was clearly detected after the initial voltage drop. Thermochemical calculation and FESEM-EDX analysis also indicated that the poisoning by Cl2 caused the formation of nickel nano-particles on zirconia grains via NiCl2 (g), while the poisoning by siloxane formed segregated silica (SiO2) in porous cermet anodes.

AB - Poisoning effects by various fuel impurities, including H2S, CH3SH, COS, Cl2, and siloxane, to Ni-ScSZ cermet anodes have been analyzed and compared. Degradation of cell performance caused by these impurities was characterized by measuring cell voltage and anode polarization at a constant current density of 0.2 Acm- 2 for humidified H2 and CH4 fuels. Poisoning for hydrogen-based fuels containing 5 ppm sulfur compounds, H2S, CH3SH, and COS, caused an initial cell voltage drop of about 15 mV at 1000 °C. The initial voltage drop was independent of the kind of sulfur compounds, whereas in the case of poisoning by CH3SH, an additional gradual decrease in cell voltage was clearly detected after the initial voltage drop. Thermochemical calculation and FESEM-EDX analysis also indicated that the poisoning by Cl2 caused the formation of nickel nano-particles on zirconia grains via NiCl2 (g), while the poisoning by siloxane formed segregated silica (SiO2) in porous cermet anodes.

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