Policy evaluation of a child abuse prevention program by resident survey - Economic evaluation by CVM

Ichiro Wada, Kentaro Yoshida, Nobuaki Morita, Shinji Satoh, Yoji Nakatani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In recent years, the problem of child abuse is becoming an emerging object of public concern. It has led to the enforcement of the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect, and the government has implemented a number of policy measures and strengthened them. In order to provide efficient public services under a tight budgetary appropriation of the local government, the appropriate evaluation of each policy measure is crucial to determine their priority. We conducted a questionnaire survey based on the idea of contingent valuation method (CVM) as one of the effective tools for policy evaluation of a child abuse prevention program. In this study, we measured the willingness-to-pay (WTP) of residents for the child abuse prevention program currently undertaken in Ibaraki Prefecture by contingent valuation method, and then the applicability of contingent valuation method to the program can be examined. 27 samples were chosen from participants of the welfare lecture meeting held in A town, Ibaraki Prefecture in March 2003, both double-bounded dichotomous choice and open-ended question formats were employed to elicit their WTP. Median WTP for the open-ended question was 1,000 Japanese yen, and mean WTP was 1,304 yen with ±1,574 confidence interval. It is considered to play an important role for policy evaluation to apply contingent valuation and estimate residents' WTP to obtain the degree of satisfaction in monetary terms. It facilitates the comparison of costefficiency levels of a variety of government programs. This study emphasizes the necessity of a greater number of applications of contingent valuation method in the field of child welfare to demonstrate its effectiveness, reliability, and validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-152
Number of pages14
JournalActa Criminologiae et Medicinae Legalis Japonica
Volume70
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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