Preparation of composites by inclusion of polymers inside metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is a very powerful strategy to prepare innovative functional materials. MOF's nanosized pores disrupt polymer chains natural coiling and constrain them in an extended conformation, bringing new properties. At the single nanochannel scale, polymerization reactions are significantly modified due to confinement, and control over the primary structure (sequence, tacticity or branching) can be achieved. Because of confinement and chain extension, physical and chemical properties can also be significantly improved compared to the bulk state. Inclusion is also useful to control organization at a higher scale, for instance for precise polymer positioning or by acting as scaffold for an accessible microporous polymer network. Furthermore, the MOF ordering can be maintained in pure polymer systems even after removal of the host.
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