A new technical trial was carried out to detect polymorphism in HLA-DP genes, based on the diversity in electrophoretic mobility of single-stranded DNA (single-strand conformation polymorphism, SSCP). Genomic DNAs from 31 cells lines homozygous for 2 and 14 different DPA1 and DPB1 alleles, respectively, and from peripheral blood cells of a normal individual homozygous for another DPB1 allele were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify the polymorphic exon 2 of DPA1 or DPB1 genes. The PCR samples were denatured by heating in the presence of formamide to obtain single-stranded DNA, electrophoresed in a neutral polyacrylamide gel, and visualized by silver staining. Allelic differences were detected by the distinctive electrophoretic pattern of each single strand, depending on the sequence-specific conformation. Fifteen DPB1 alleles showed 11 distinct electrophoretic patterns, leaving four allelic combinations not distinguished. These four allelic combinations could be further distinguished by using another couple of primers in PCR, with which a part of the exon was amplified, and by subsequent SSCP analysis. The use of four pairs of primers in PCR allowed for discrimination of all the 15 DPB1 alleles tested. Two allelic differences in exon 2 of DPA1 gene could be clearly demonstrated. In addition, putative new alleles of DPA1 and DPB1 genes were detected by SSCP analyses. The PCR-SSCP analysis is simple and rapid, requires neither radioactive materials nor restriction enzymes, and is expected to be a useful tool for investigating the fine HLA-matching required for clinical transplantation of organs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy