Polymerization of Horseradish Peroxidase by a Laccase-Catalyzed Tyrosine Coupling Reaction

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The polymerization of proteins can create newly active and large bio-macromolecular assemblies that exhibit unique functionalities depending on the properties of the building block proteins and the protein units in polymers. Herein, the first enzymatic polymerization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is reported. Recombinant HRPs fused with a tyrosine-tag (Y-tag) through a flexible linker at the N- and/or C-termini are expressed in silkworm, Bombyx mori. Trametes sp. laccase (TL) is used to activate the tyrosine of Y-tagged HRPs with molecular O2 to form a tyrosyl-free radical, which initiates the tyrosine coupling reaction between the HRP units. A covalent dityrosine linkage is also formed through a HRP-catalyzed self-crosslinking reaction in the presence of H2O2. The addition of H2O2 in the self-polymerization of Y-tagged HRPs results in lower activity of the HRP polymers, whereas TL provides site-selectivity, mild reaction conditions and maintains the activity of the polymeric products. The cocrosslinking of Y-tagged HRPs and HRP-protein G (Y-HRP-pG) units catalyzed by TL shows a higher signal in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) than the genetically pG-fused HRP, Y-HRP-pG, and its polymers. This new enzymatic polymerization of HRP promises to provide highly active and functionalized polymers for biomedical applications and diagnostics probes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800531
JournalBiotechnology Journal
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine

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