Dysfunction of the gene for the NR1 subunit of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (GRIN1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. In support of this hypothesis are behavioral abnormalities reminiscent of schizophrenia in mice with an attenuated expression of the NR1 subunit receptor and the reduced level of NR1 mRNA in postmortem brains of patients with schizophrenia. We screened single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the upstream region between +51 and -941 from the translation initiation codon of GRIN1 and identified 17 SNPs, 10 of which were located within the region containing the Sp1 motif and the GSG motifs. As genotyping of 191-196 Japanese patients with schizophrenia and 202-216 controls revealed no significant association between schizophrenia and the SNPs in the upstream region of GRIN1, these SNPs apparently do not play a critical role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia in the Japanese population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry