Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-grafted gelatin hydrogel surfaces: Interrelationship between microscopic structure and mechanical property of surface regions and cell adhesiveness

Shoji Ohya, Satoru Kidoaki, Takehisa Matsuda

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Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-grafted gelatin (PNIPAM-gelatin) serves as a temperature-induced scaffold at physiological temperature. This study was aimed at determining the effect of the graft architecture of thermoresponsive PNIPAM-gelatin on the surface topography and elastic modulus of the hydrogels prepared with different architectured PNIPAM-gelatins: the surface topography and elastic modulus were determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM). PNIPAM-gelatin surfaces showed an irregularly concavo-convex structure with a vertical interval of approximately 1 μm regardless of the weight ratio of PNIPAM to gelatin (P/G: 5.8, 12, and 18). The elastic moduli of hydrogels varied at measured sites. The mean elastic moduli of PNIPAM-gelatin with the lowest P/G were low, but increased with increasing P/G. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells adhered and spread on PNIPAM-gelatin hydrogels with the highest P/G, whereas reduced adhesion and nonspreading, round-shaped cells resided on the hydrogels with lower P/Gs. Interrelationship between elastic modulus and cell adhesion and spreading potentials were discussed from physicochemical and cellular biomechanical viewpoints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3105-3111
Number of pages7
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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