One of the common ways to design secure multi-party computation is twofold: To realize secure fundamental operations and to decompose a target function to be securely computed into them. In the setting of fully homomorphic encryption, as well as some kinds of secret sharing, the fundamental operations are additions and multiplications in the base field such as the field F2 with two elements. Then the second decomposition part, which we study in this paper, is (in theory) equivalent to expressing the target function as a polynomial. It is known that any function over the finite prime field Fp has a unique polynomial expression of degree at most p-1 with respect to each input variable; however, there has been little study done concerning such minimal-degree polynomial expressions for practical functions. This paper aims at triggering intensive studies on this subject, by focusing on polynomial expressions of some auction-related functions such as the maximum/minimum and the index of the maximum/minimum value among input values.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics