Polystyrene (PS)-grafted-titanium oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles with a diameter of 15 nm were prepared by the 'grafting-from' method using the surface initiator for nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization (NMRP). The graft densities were estimated to be 0.04-0.28 chains nm-2. Under this graft dense region it is assumed that surface polymer chains form a polymer brush structure in good solvents. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction suggested that the tacticity of the PS chains on the nanoparticle surface is mainly atactic. PS-grafted-TiO2 nanoparticles were stably dispersed in good solvents for PS chains due to the steric repulsion between the grafted chains derived from the osmotic pressure effect and their affinity for the solvents. When the PS-grafted-TiO2 particles were finely dispersed, the ultraviolet absorption due to TiO2 was strong and the difference in absorbance between the visible and ultraviolet regions was ten or more times greater than that for non-grafted TiO2. By adding PS-grafted-TiO2 particles with PS matrix powder in CHCl3, hybrid films were prepared by solvent casting. The PS-grafted-TiO2-PS hybrid films showed high transmittance in the visible light region accompanied by ultraviolet absorption characteristic of TiO2 due to the fine dispersion of nanoparticles in the PS matrix. Furthermore, friction tests revealed that the wear resistance of PS thin films with PS-grafted-TiO2 was improved compared with PS film.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics