Poly(tertiary amide acrylate) Copolymers Inspired by Poly(2-oxazoline)s: Their Blood Compatibility and Hydration States

Shichen Liu, Shingo Kobayashi, Toshiki Sonoda, Masaru Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Modifying the side chain of poly(meth)acrylate with moieties originating from biocompatible polymers can be an effective method for developing novel blood-compatible polymers. Inspired by biocompatible poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) (PMeOx) and poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PEtOx), four water-soluble poly(tertiary amide acylate) analogues bearing a pendant tertiary amide were synthesized. The results of hemolysis and cell viability tests showed that all the poly(tertiary amide acylate) analogues were compatible with red blood cells, HeLa cells, and normal human dermal fibroblasts as PMeOx or PEtOx. Among the four poly(tertiary amide acylate) analogues, poly[2-(N-methylpropionamido)ethyl acrylate] (PPEA) and poly[2-(N-ethylacetamido)ethyl acrylate] (PEAE) showed thermosensitivity in aqueous solution; especially, PPEA (10 mg mL-1) exhibited a lower critical solution temperature of 37 °C. Water-insoluble copolymers were prepared to investigate the possibility of applying these synthesized polymers as blood-compatible coatings. The poly[n-butyl methacrylate70-co-2-(N-methylacetamido)ethyl methacrylate30] (coPAEM) coatings significantly suppressed plasma protein adsorption, denaturation degree of adsorbed fibrinogen, and platelet adhesion. Intermediate water (IW), whose content can generally indicate the blood compatibility of polymers, was found in all hydrated homopolymers and copolymers by differential scanning calorimetry. The present work demonstrated that the tertiary amide moiety in the side chain of poly(meth)acrylate was an effective contributor to blood compatibility and IW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2718-2728
Number of pages11
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 14 2021

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