Mice with a knockout of phospholipase C (PLC)-related inactive protein type 1 (PRIP1 -/- mice) display anxiety-like behavior and altered γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A -receptor pharmacology. Here, we examined associations between anxiety and motor-function recovery in PRIP1 -/- mice after a spinal cord injury (SCI) induced by a moderate contusion injury at the 10th thoracic level. Uninjured PRIP1 -/- mice showed less distance than wild-type (WT) mice in the center 25% in an open field test (OFT), indicating anxiety-like behavior. Anxiety behavior increased in both WT and PRIP1 -/- mice after SCI. WT and PRIP1 -/- mice were completely paralyzed on day 1 after SCI, but gradually recovered until reaching a plateau at ∼4 weeks. After SCI, the PRIP1 -/- mice had significantly greater motor dysfunction than the WT mice. In WT mice after SCI, the percentage of distance spent in the center 25% of the OFT was correlated with the OFT distance traveled and velocity, and with the reaction time in a plantar pressure-sensitivity mechanical test. In PRIP1 -/- mice after SCI, the percentage of distance spent in the center 25% of the OFT was correlated with the OFT distance traveled and with the latency to fall in the rotarod test. Six weeks after SCI, ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expressions were elevated at the lesion epicenter in PRIP1 -/- mice, and spinal cord atrophy and demyelination were more severe than in WT mice. The axonal fiber development was also decreased in PRIP1 -/- mice, consistent with the poor motor-function recovery after SCI in these mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology