Population-based multilevel models to estimate the management strategies for acute myocardial infarction in older adults with dementia

Yunfei Li, Akira Babazono, Aziz Jamal, Ning Liu, Reiko Yamao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) management strategies, involving treatment and post-care, are much more difficult for patients with dementia. This study investi-gated the factors influencing the use of invasive procedures and long-term care in the management strategies for AMI patients with dementia and the factors associated with these patients’ survival. Methods: This multilevel study combined information from two databases, namely later-stage elderly healthcare insurance and long-term care insurance claims, from 2013 to 2019. Of 214,963 individuals with dementia, we identified 13,593 patients with AMI. The primary outcomes were the use of invasive procedures for treatment and long-term care for post-care management. Survival outcomes were also measured over a 6-year period, adjusting for individual-and regional-level characteristics in multilevel models. Results: A total of 1954 (14.38%) individuals received an invasive procedure during treatment, and 7850 (87.18%) used long-term care for post-care management after AMI. After multivariate adjustment, patients aged ≥ 85 years and women were less likely to receive invasive procedures and more likely to use long-term care. Patients undergoing invasive procedures had a lower use of long-term care. Better survival outcome was significantly associated with invasive management and long-term care, regardless of the type of care. Conclusion: Age and sex determine the use of invasive procedures and long-term care after AMI among patients with dementia. AMI patients with dementia receiving invasive procedures and long-term care had better survival outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-892
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Epidemiology
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Population-based multilevel models to estimate the management strategies for acute myocardial infarction in older adults with dementia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this