AIM: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis has been used to correct the skeletal problems in patients with severe mandibular deficiency. Short-term effects of mandibular distraction osteogenesis on condylar position, condylar morphology, and temporomandibular joint symptoms in patients with severe skeletal Class II malocclusions were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The records of 13 patients who had undergone bilateral mandibular lengthening and/or midline mandibular widening were analyzed. Pre- and postoperative positional changes of the mandibular condyle in the glenoid fossa, the axial rotation of the condylar head, and the temporomandibular joint symptoms were evaluated. RESULTS: Most of the condyles were displaced in an upward and backward direction in the glenoid fossa; the amount correlated with the amount of mandibular lengthening. Resorption was observed in 20% of condyles; the incidence of the resorption correlated with incidence of preoperative articular disc displacement and with the amount of condylar displacement. CONCLUSION: Distraction protocols should be performed with particular attention when patients with articular disc displacement require a large amount of distraction.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||World journal of orthodontics|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2004|
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