Possible armalcolite pseudomorph-bearing garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: Implications for ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A possible armalcolite pseudomorph has been identified in garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, located c. 30 km NE of Rundvågshetta, in a terrane with the highest metamorphic grade in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. It occurs as an Fe-Mg-Ti compositional domain consisting of ilmenite, rutile and pseudorutile, partially mantled by rutile within ilmenite. The domain yields an average XMg of 0.171±0.036 exceeding by 3 wt% TiO2 from armalcolite stoichiometry, while the analysis closest to armalcolite stoichiometry has an XMg value close to 0.202. Host ilmenite with 0.4 mol% hematite is in contact with prismatic sillimanite, quartz, plagioclase and K-feldspar. In run products of annealing experiments performed to investigate the origin of the pseudomorph, armalcolite-ilmenite reaction coronae were developed around relict rutile in rock fragments of quartz eclogite from the Higashi-Akaishi mass of the Sanbagawa belt, central Shikoku, Japan. The experiments were carried out at 1 atm and 960-1050°C with wü stite-magnetite buffer and imply a minimum temperature of 1290°C for armalcolite stability when extrapolated to Skallevikshalsen pressures of 1.0 GPa. Mineral chemistry thermobarometry for Skallevikshalsen yields a metamorphic path with P-T peak conditions of 0.88-1.1 GPa and 970-1050°C, followed by retrograde metamorphism at 0.6 GPa and 780°C, and finally metasomatic alteration at c. 630°C. This P-T path matches that for similar ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic rocks from Rundvågshetta and Sri Lanka, and is markedly lower in temperature than the unreasonable estimates based on armalcolite stability. This discrepancy is inferred to reflect chemical impurities in armalcolite that lower its minimum temperature stability by more than 200°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-167
Number of pages33
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Volume383
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2013

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
pseudomorph
ultrahigh temperature metamorphism
Ilmenite
Garnets
sillimanite
ilmenite
gneiss
garnet
rutile
stoichiometry
Stoichiometry
Quartz
temperature
Metamorphic rocks
quartz
retrograde metamorphism
Feldspar
Temperature
Hematite

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Geology

Cite this

@article{10f8f4491a8c4a0688fbfe09da1f5ce5,
title = "Possible armalcolite pseudomorph-bearing garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, L{\"u}tzow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica: Implications for ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism",
abstract = "A possible armalcolite pseudomorph has been identified in garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, located c. 30 km NE of Rundv{\aa}gshetta, in a terrane with the highest metamorphic grade in the L{\"u}tzow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. It occurs as an Fe-Mg-Ti compositional domain consisting of ilmenite, rutile and pseudorutile, partially mantled by rutile within ilmenite. The domain yields an average XMg of 0.171±0.036 exceeding by 3 wt{\%} TiO2 from armalcolite stoichiometry, while the analysis closest to armalcolite stoichiometry has an XMg value close to 0.202. Host ilmenite with 0.4 mol{\%} hematite is in contact with prismatic sillimanite, quartz, plagioclase and K-feldspar. In run products of annealing experiments performed to investigate the origin of the pseudomorph, armalcolite-ilmenite reaction coronae were developed around relict rutile in rock fragments of quartz eclogite from the Higashi-Akaishi mass of the Sanbagawa belt, central Shikoku, Japan. The experiments were carried out at 1 atm and 960-1050°C with w{\"u} stite-magnetite buffer and imply a minimum temperature of 1290°C for armalcolite stability when extrapolated to Skallevikshalsen pressures of 1.0 GPa. Mineral chemistry thermobarometry for Skallevikshalsen yields a metamorphic path with P-T peak conditions of 0.88-1.1 GPa and 970-1050°C, followed by retrograde metamorphism at 0.6 GPa and 780°C, and finally metasomatic alteration at c. 630°C. This P-T path matches that for similar ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic rocks from Rundv{\aa}gshetta and Sri Lanka, and is markedly lower in temperature than the unreasonable estimates based on armalcolite stability. This discrepancy is inferred to reflect chemical impurities in armalcolite that lower its minimum temperature stability by more than 200°C.",
author = "Toshisuke Kawasaki and Tatsuro Adachi and Nobuhiko Nakano and Yasuhito Osanai",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1144/SP383.2",
language = "English",
volume = "383",
pages = "135--167",
journal = "Geological Society Special Publication",
issn = "0305-8719",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Possible armalcolite pseudomorph-bearing garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica

T2 - Implications for ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism

AU - Kawasaki, Toshisuke

AU - Adachi, Tatsuro

AU - Nakano, Nobuhiko

AU - Osanai, Yasuhito

PY - 2013/12/16

Y1 - 2013/12/16

N2 - A possible armalcolite pseudomorph has been identified in garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, located c. 30 km NE of Rundvågshetta, in a terrane with the highest metamorphic grade in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. It occurs as an Fe-Mg-Ti compositional domain consisting of ilmenite, rutile and pseudorutile, partially mantled by rutile within ilmenite. The domain yields an average XMg of 0.171±0.036 exceeding by 3 wt% TiO2 from armalcolite stoichiometry, while the analysis closest to armalcolite stoichiometry has an XMg value close to 0.202. Host ilmenite with 0.4 mol% hematite is in contact with prismatic sillimanite, quartz, plagioclase and K-feldspar. In run products of annealing experiments performed to investigate the origin of the pseudomorph, armalcolite-ilmenite reaction coronae were developed around relict rutile in rock fragments of quartz eclogite from the Higashi-Akaishi mass of the Sanbagawa belt, central Shikoku, Japan. The experiments were carried out at 1 atm and 960-1050°C with wü stite-magnetite buffer and imply a minimum temperature of 1290°C for armalcolite stability when extrapolated to Skallevikshalsen pressures of 1.0 GPa. Mineral chemistry thermobarometry for Skallevikshalsen yields a metamorphic path with P-T peak conditions of 0.88-1.1 GPa and 970-1050°C, followed by retrograde metamorphism at 0.6 GPa and 780°C, and finally metasomatic alteration at c. 630°C. This P-T path matches that for similar ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic rocks from Rundvågshetta and Sri Lanka, and is markedly lower in temperature than the unreasonable estimates based on armalcolite stability. This discrepancy is inferred to reflect chemical impurities in armalcolite that lower its minimum temperature stability by more than 200°C.

AB - A possible armalcolite pseudomorph has been identified in garnet-sillimanite gneiss from Skallevikshalsen, located c. 30 km NE of Rundvågshetta, in a terrane with the highest metamorphic grade in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. It occurs as an Fe-Mg-Ti compositional domain consisting of ilmenite, rutile and pseudorutile, partially mantled by rutile within ilmenite. The domain yields an average XMg of 0.171±0.036 exceeding by 3 wt% TiO2 from armalcolite stoichiometry, while the analysis closest to armalcolite stoichiometry has an XMg value close to 0.202. Host ilmenite with 0.4 mol% hematite is in contact with prismatic sillimanite, quartz, plagioclase and K-feldspar. In run products of annealing experiments performed to investigate the origin of the pseudomorph, armalcolite-ilmenite reaction coronae were developed around relict rutile in rock fragments of quartz eclogite from the Higashi-Akaishi mass of the Sanbagawa belt, central Shikoku, Japan. The experiments were carried out at 1 atm and 960-1050°C with wü stite-magnetite buffer and imply a minimum temperature of 1290°C for armalcolite stability when extrapolated to Skallevikshalsen pressures of 1.0 GPa. Mineral chemistry thermobarometry for Skallevikshalsen yields a metamorphic path with P-T peak conditions of 0.88-1.1 GPa and 970-1050°C, followed by retrograde metamorphism at 0.6 GPa and 780°C, and finally metasomatic alteration at c. 630°C. This P-T path matches that for similar ultrahigh-temperature metamorphic rocks from Rundvågshetta and Sri Lanka, and is markedly lower in temperature than the unreasonable estimates based on armalcolite stability. This discrepancy is inferred to reflect chemical impurities in armalcolite that lower its minimum temperature stability by more than 200°C.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890047797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890047797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1144/SP383.2

DO - 10.1144/SP383.2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84890047797

VL - 383

SP - 135

EP - 167

JO - Geological Society Special Publication

JF - Geological Society Special Publication

SN - 0305-8719

IS - 1

ER -