Possible overlapping potentials of the auditory P50 in humans: Factor analysis of middle latency auditory evoked potentials

Hideaki Ninomiya, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Chung Ho Chen, Naoko Kinukawa

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Abstract

The auditory P50 in humans may consist of overlapping potentials. To test this hypothesis, we manipulated the conditions of stimulus discrimination and motor response difficulty and evaluated the data by factor analysis. Twenty right-handed males (mean age 27 years) performed the following 4 tasks: (1) a counting task, (2) an easy Go, No-Go task, (3) a difficult Go, No-Go task, and (4) a choice reaction task. Middle latency auditory evoked potentials were obtained with 100 times summation triggered by the onset of the auditory stimulus. Four factors were extracted by factor analysis for a 0-100 ms time period. Factor 1, the maximum factor loading at 91 ms, corresponded to N1, and factor 4, the maximum factor loading at 23 ms, appeared to correspond to P30. The latency of the maximum factor loading in factor 2 was adjacent to that in factor 3, the latency of factor 2 being 12 ms earlier than that of factor 3. Factor 2 and factor 3 latencies were approximately 55 ms which corresponded to the P50. Factor 3 started rising at the point that factor 2 reached the maximum factor loading, and the factor score demonstrated a significant group difference only when analyzed by motor response criteria. These results suggest that the P50 in humans consists of overlapping potentials and that a part of the potential might relate to a motor response process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology - Evoked Potentials
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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