The release of Ca2+ induced by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) in the presence of GTP was examined by using saponin-permeabilized macrophages. The origin and the amount of mobilized Ca2+ in intact macrophages stimulated with chemotactic peptide were also examined to assess the physiological significance of GTP and InsP3 on Ca2+-releasing activities. The total amount of Ca2+ released by 20 microM-A23187 from the unstimulated intact macrophages was 1.4 nmol/4 x 10(6) cells, and the mitochondrial uncoupler did not cause an efflux of Ca2+ from the cells. The Ca2+ accumulation by the non-mitochondrial pool(s) was inhibited by the presence of GTP, and the total amount of releasable Ca2+ (1.4 nmol/4 x 10(6) cells) was comparable with that accumulated by the non-mitochondrial pool(s) in the presence of GTP at a free Ca2+ concentration of 0.14 microM. The mobilized and subsequently effluxed Ca2+ in cells stimulated with chemotactic peptide was estimated to be 0.3 nmol/4 x 10(6) cells. Much the same amounts were released by about the half-maximal dose of InsP3 from the non-mitochondrial pool(s) of saponin-treated macrophages that had accumulated Ca2+ at a free concentration of 0.14 microM in the presence of GTP. These results suggest that the Ca2+-releasing activity induced by GTP may play a role in the long-term regulation of Ca2+ content in the non-mitochondrial pool(s) of macrophages, and that released by InsP3 can explain, quantitatively, the chemotactic-peptide-induced mobilization of Ca2+.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology