Purpose: To describe the characteristic features of post-carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) vertebral pathological fractures (VPFs) in upper cervical primary malignant spinal tumors (PMSTs) treated by occipito-cervical (OC) fusion. Methods: OC fusion was performed for three consecutive patients with post-CIRT VPFs. The clinical results and imaging findings, including bone single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT were prospectively collected. Results: No surgery-related wound complication and surgical site infection were noted. One patient experienced re-fracture and displacement of dens with the loosening of occipital screws and was treated by posterior revision surgery. At the final follow-up, all patients were alive without evidence of disease, and the solid OC fusion was confirmed. Bone SPECT/CT clearly revealed the effect of CIRT on bone turnover in the irradiated field. Conclusion: The OC fusion with autologous bone grafts was a reliable option for the treatment of post-CIRT VPCs in the patients with upper cervical PMSTs. In addition, evaluation of the bone turnover at the irradiated field by bone SPECT/CT would help surgeons select an effective plan of care, such as fusion level and postoperative care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine