Post-determined emotion: Motor action retrospectively modulates emotional valence of visual images

Kyoshiro Sasaki, Yuki Yamada, Kayo Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Upward and downward motor actions influence subsequent and ongoing emotional processing in accordance with a space–valence metaphor: positive is up/negative is down. In this study, we examined whether upward and downward motor actions could also affect previous emotional processing. Participants were shown an emotional image on a touch screen. After the image disappeared, they were required to drag a centrally located dot towards a cued area, which was either in the upper or lower portion of the screen. They were then asked to rate the emotional valence of the image using a 7-point scale. We found that the emotional valence of the image was more positive when the cued area was located in the upper portion of the screen. However, this was the case only when the dragging action was required immediately after the image had disappeared. Our findings suggest that when somatic information that is metaphorically associated with an emotion is linked temporally with a visual event, retrospective emotional integration between the visual and somatic events occurs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20140690
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Issue number1805
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Post-determined emotion: Motor action retrospectively modulates emotional valence of visual images'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this