To examine whether floral and post-pollination isolation develops independently or not, we conducted a crossing experiment between Hemerocallis fulva and Hemerocallis citrina that shows large floral divergence adapted for diurnal and nocturnal pollinators that have been believed to be fully cross-fertile. Flowers of the two species from sympatric populations were hand-pollinated with conspecific pollen from the same population (control), interspecific pollen from the same area (sympatric cross), and interspecific pollen from the different area (allopatric cross). After capsule dehiscence, the fruit set, seed set per fruit and seed set per flower were determined among three cross categories. The seed sets per flower were 32 and 77% lower in sympatric and allopatric crosses than in the control when H. fulva was the pollen recipient. There was no difference in three reproductive measures among the cross categories when H. citrina was the pollen recipient. This finding indicates that post-pollination isolation does exist between H. fulva and H. citrina, although it is partial, asymmetric, and weakened in sympatry. Our result suggests that floral and post-pollination isolation may develop independently, and reinforcement may not be a general phenomenon in plants.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science