Thyroid hormone-mediated positive cardiotropic effects are differently regulated between the atria and ventricles. This regulation is, at least in part, dependent on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) proteins. Sarcolipin, a homologue of phospholamban, has been recently identified as an atrium-specific SR protein. The expression of sarcolipin mRNA was significantly decreased in the atria of mice with hyperthyroidism and in 3,5,3′-triiodo-l-thyronine-treated neonatal rat atrial myocytes. Promoter activity and mRNA stability analyses revealed that thyroid hormone post-transcriptionally downregulated the expression of sarcolipin mRNA. The atrium-specific effect of thyroid hormone may occur in part through the regulation of atrial sarcolipin gene expression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology