Poster: Early change detection based on Spotrank

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper proposes a new method of early change detection for people flow analysis. Some conventional methods often focus on a single location (spot) to demonstrate how the number of people changes over time. In contrast, our proposed method takes into account the links between the spots to grasp a foretaste of congestion of a specific spot as early as possible. The main advantage of the proposed method is that it not only describes the characteristics of each spot, but also the relationships among spots, i.e., whether the connectivities are strong/weak. We introduce an idea of PageRank, which is based on a centrality of graph theory and extend that idea to represent the amount of people flow among spots. We call the extended method “SpotRank”. SpotRank assigns an importance score to each spot. The score of a particular spot is calculated by the number of paths and the amount of people flow from other spots. Therefore, the more paths and people flow, the importance score (ranking) increases. The proposed method begins with the calculation of SpotRank every 10 min, followed by change detection, i.e., how much the ranking changes over time. In our experiments, we measured people flow using Wi-Fi packet sensors for a period of over 16 weeks. We confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method, which successfully grasped a foretaste of congestion at a restaurant in our university.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUbiComp/ISWC 2018 - Adjunct Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing and Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages198-201
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450359665
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2018
Event2018 Joint ACM International Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, UbiComp 2018 and 2018 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2018 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Oct 8 2018Oct 12 2018

Publication series

NameUbiComp/ISWC 2018 - Adjunct Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing and Proceedings of the 2018 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers

Other

Other2018 Joint ACM International Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, UbiComp 2018 and 2018 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers, ISWC 2018
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period10/8/1810/12/18

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Information Systems

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Poster: Early change detection based on Spotrank'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this