Potassium octahydridotriborate

Diverse polymorphism in a potential hydrogen storage material and potassium ion conductor

Jakob B. Grinderslev, Kasper T. Møller, Yigang Yan, Xi Meng Chen, Yongtao Li, Hai Wen Li, Wei Zhou, Jørgen Skibsted, Xuenian Chen, Torben R. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Octahydridoborate, i.e. [B3H8]- containing compounds, have recently attracted interest for hydrogen storage. In the present study, the structural, hydrogen storage, and ion conductivity properties of KB3H8 have been systematically investigated. Two distinct polymorphic transitions are identified for KB3H8 from a monoclinic (α) to an orthorhombic (α′) structure at 15 °C via a second-order transition and eventually to a cubic (β) structure at 30 °C by a first-order transition. The β-polymorph of KB3H8 displays a high degree of disorder of the [B3H8]- anion, which facilitates increased cation mobility, reaching a K+ conductivity of ∼10-7 S cm-1 above 100 °C. β-KB3H8 starts to release hydrogen at ∼160 °C, simultaneously with the release of B5H9 and trace amounts of B2H6. KBH4 and K3(BH4)(B12H12) are identified as crystalline decomposition products above 200 °C, and the formation of a KBH4 deficient structure of K3-x(BH4)1-x(B12H12) is observed at elevated temperature. The hydrogen-uptake properties of a KB3H8-2KH composite have been examined under 380 bar H2, resulting in the formation of KBH4 at T ≥ 150 °C along with higher metal hydridoborates, i.e. K2B9H9, K2B10H10, and K2B12H12.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8872-8881
Number of pages10
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume48
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hydrogen storage
Polymorphism
Potassium
Ions
Hydrogen
Anions
Cations
Metals
Crystalline materials
Decomposition
Composite materials
potassium borohydride
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Potassium octahydridotriborate : Diverse polymorphism in a potential hydrogen storage material and potassium ion conductor. / Grinderslev, Jakob B.; Møller, Kasper T.; Yan, Yigang; Chen, Xi Meng; Li, Yongtao; Li, Hai Wen; Zhou, Wei; Skibsted, Jørgen; Chen, Xuenian; Jensen, Torben R.

In: Dalton Transactions, Vol. 48, No. 24, 01.01.2019, p. 8872-8881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grinderslev, JB, Møller, KT, Yan, Y, Chen, XM, Li, Y, Li, HW, Zhou, W, Skibsted, J, Chen, X & Jensen, TR 2019, 'Potassium octahydridotriborate: Diverse polymorphism in a potential hydrogen storage material and potassium ion conductor', Dalton Transactions, vol. 48, no. 24, pp. 8872-8881. https://doi.org/10.1039/c9dt00742c
Grinderslev, Jakob B. ; Møller, Kasper T. ; Yan, Yigang ; Chen, Xi Meng ; Li, Yongtao ; Li, Hai Wen ; Zhou, Wei ; Skibsted, Jørgen ; Chen, Xuenian ; Jensen, Torben R. / Potassium octahydridotriborate : Diverse polymorphism in a potential hydrogen storage material and potassium ion conductor. In: Dalton Transactions. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 24. pp. 8872-8881.
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