This study aims to investigate the impact of rice-husk power generation on agricultural uses of rice husk and its ash. We conducted case studies at a rice-husk power plant and organic farming groups in northeast Thailand. The case study on a rice-husk power plant showed that rice husk was useful in generating electricity without consuming fossil fuel, while husk ash, the by-product, could be utilized as silicate supplement for farmland soils. The case study on organic farming groups indicated that rice husk was one of the indispensable materials in conducting organic farming with locally available resources. On the basis of these findings, an analytical study on possible husk uses in Thailand was conducted, in which three potential major uses of rice husk were considered: i.e. (1) fuel use inside rice mills followed by husk-ash reuse, (2) fuel use at power plants followed by husk-ash reuse, and (3) direct reuse of husk for compost production. The result indicated that there would be conflicting demands for rice husk among those uses in the future. Therefore, there needs to be a strategy for balancing husk uses among them.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Water Science and Technology