Geodesic acoustic modes (GAM) driven by energetic particles are observed in the Large Helical Device (LHD) by a heavy ion beam probe. The GAM localizes near the magnetic axis. It is confirmed that the energetic-particle-induced GAM is accompanied by an electrostatic potential fluctuation and radial electric field fluctuation. The amplitude of the potential fluctuation is several hundred volts, and it is much larger than the potential fluctuation associated with turbulence-induced GAMs observed in the edge region in tokamak plasmas. The energetic-particle-induced GAM modulates the amplitude of the density fluctuation in a high-frequency range. The observed GAM frequency is constant at the predicted GAM frequency in plasmas with reversed magnetic shear. On the other hand, it shifts upwards from the predicted GAM frequency in plasmas with monotonic magnetic shear.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics