Potential therapeutic target in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor

Suguru Fukushima, Makoto Endo, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Jun Ichi Fukushi, Tomoya Matsunobu, Ken Ichi Kawaguchi, Nokitaka Setsu, Keiichiro IIda, Nobuhiko Yokoyama, Makoto Nakagawa, Kenichiro Yahiro, Yoshinao Oda, Yukihide Iwamoto, Yasuharu Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma with poor prognosis. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) plays a crucial role in the cellular response to hypoxia and regulates the expression of multiple genes involved in tumor progression in various cancers. However, the importance of the expression of HIF-1α in MPNSTs is unclear. Methods The expression of HIF-1α was examined immunohistochemically in 82 MPNST specimens. Cell culture assays of human MPNST cells under normoxic and hypoxic conditions were used to evaluate the impact of anti-HIF-1α.specific siRNA inhibition on cell survival. A screening kit was employed to identify small molecules that inhibited HIF-1α. Results The nuclear expression of HIF-1α was positive in 75.6% of MPNST samples (62/82 cases). Positivity for HIF-1α was a significant poor prognostic factor both in univariate (P = 0.048) and multivariate (P ≤ 0.0001) analyses. HIF-1α knockdown abrogated MPNST cell growth, inducing apoptosis. Finally, chetomin, an inhibitor of HIF-1α, effectively inhibited the growth of MPNST cells and induced their apoptosis. Conclusion Inhibition of HIF-1α signaling is a potential treatment option for MPNSTs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0178064
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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