A rapid and highly sensitive potentiometric flow-injection method for the determination of trace hydrogen peroxide was developed by use of an Fe(III)-Fe(II) potential buffer solution containing bromide and Mo(VI). The analytical method was based on a linear relationship between a concentration of hydrogen peroxide and a largely transient potential change of an oxidation-reduction potential electrode due to bromine generated by the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with the potential buffer solution. The oxidation of bromide to bromine by hydrogen peroxide occurred very rapidly with the assistance of Mo(VI) when Fe(II) existed in the potential buffer solution. It was estimated by batchwise experiments that hydroxyl radical, OH·, was generated by the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with Fe(II) as an intermediate, and subsequently oxidized bromide to bromine. In a flow system, analytical sensitivities to hydrogen peroxide obtained by the detection of the transient change of potential were enhanced about 75 fold compared with those obtained by using the potential change caused by the reaction of hydrogen peroxide with the potential buffer solution without bromide and Mo(VI). Sensitivities increased with decreasing concentration of the Fe(III)-Fe(II) buffer in the reagent solution. The detection limit (S/N =3) of 4 × 10-7 M (13.6 ppb) was achieved by using the 1 × 104 M Fe(III)-Fe(II) buffer containing 0.4 M NaBr, 1.0 M H2SO4 and 0.5% (NH4)6Mo7O24. Analytical throughput was ≈40 h-1 and the RSD (n = 6) was 0.6% for measurement of 4 × 10-6 M hydrogen peroxide. The proposed method was applied to the determination of hydrogen peroxide in real rainwater samples, and was found to provide a good recovery for H2O2 added to rainwater samples.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry