Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by repeated chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. We have used the complementary model of colonic inflammation to examine the roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) in colonic inflammation and thus its possible role in IBD. We characterized an innate immune-mediated model of colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). Mice with DSS-induced colitis were injected with Wy-14643 (2. mg/kg) as a PPARα agonist every day from day 0 to day 5. We show that mice given Wy-14643 were less susceptible to experimental acute colitis induced by DSS, and this decreased susceptibility was correlated with decreased production of IFNγ, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α. Our findings suggest that PPARα has a role in controlling colonic inflammation and mucosal tissue homeostasis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy