Background: Although the effectiveness and safety of prasugrel for the prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been demonstrated, long-term real-world data of Japanese unique doses are insufficient. Therefore, we report the results of an analysis of 1-year follow-up data from a postmarketing observational study (PRASFIT-Practice II). Methods and Results: The safety and effectiveness analysis sets included 4,155 IHD patients receiving prasugrel (loading dose/ maintenance dose, 20/3.75mg) as dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin. At 360 days (after treatment start), 62.2% continued DAPT. Cumulative incidences of major adverse cardiovascular events and stent thrombosis were 1.6% and 0.2%, respectively. Cumulative incidences of Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleeding and TIMI major or minor bleeding were 1.0% and 2.0%, respectively. Risk factors for TIMI major or minor bleeding in the first 30 days of treatment were age ≥80 years, anemia, female sex, and liver disease, and from day 31 to the end of month 12, hypertension and peptic ulcer. Conclusions: The 1-year follow-up results showed long-term effectiveness and safety of prasugrel at dosages approved in Japan for the treatment of IHD patients undergoing PCI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine