Pre-Landing Control for a Legged Robot Based on Tiptoe Proximity Sensor Feedback

Ryuki Sato, Hikaru Arita, Aiguo Ming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The moment a legged robot touches the ground, the tip of its toe can experience a significant impact force. It is preferable to keep the landing impact force small because it causes imbalance and damage to the frame, motors, gears, and other components of the robot legs. In this paper, we propose a control method to mitigate the landing impact force by preliminary motion based on the proximity information of the tiptoe before landing. A proximity sensor is mounted on the tiptoe to detect the ground before landing, and feedback control is applied according to the sensor output to reduce the impact force. In landing experiments using a one-legged robot equipped with a proximity sensor on a tiptoe, we evaluated the effects of changing the sensor offset distance and the feedback gains on impact force mitigation. The results show that the landing impact force was mitigated by reducing the relative velocity of the tiptoe and the ground using the proposed proximity feedback control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21619-21630
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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