Precision of preoperative diagnosis in patients with brain tumor - A prospective study based on "top three list" of differential diagnosis for 1061 patients

Kazunori Arita, Makiko Miwa, Manoj Bohara, F. M. Moinuddin, Kiyohisa Kamimura, Koji Yoshimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Accurate diagnosis of brain tumor is crucial for adequate surgical strategy. Our institution follows a comprehensive preoperative evaluation based on clinical and imaging information. Methods: To assess the precision of preoperative diagnosis, we compared the "top three list" of differential diagnosis (the first, second, and third diagnoses according to the WHO 2007 classification including grading) of 1061 brain tumors, prospectively and consecutively registered in preoperative case conferences from 2010 to the end of 2017, with postoperative pathology reports. Results: The correct diagnosis rate (sensitivity) of the first diagnosis was 75.8% in total. The sensitivity of the first diagnosis was high (84-94%) in hypothalamic-pituitary and extra-axial tumors, 67-75% in intra-axial tumors, and relatively low (29-42%) in intraventricular and pineal region tumors. Among major three intra-axial tumors, the sensitivity was highest in brain metastasis: 83.8% followed by malignant lymphoma: 81.4% and glioblastoma multiforme: 73.1%. Sensitivity was generally low (≤60%) in other gliomas. These sensitivities generally improved when the second and third diagnoses were included; 86.3% in total. Positive predictive value (PPV) was 76.9% in total. All the three preoperative diagnoses were incorrect in 3.4% (36/1061) of cases even when broader brain tumor classification was applied. Conclusion: Our institutional experience on precision of preoperative diagnosis appeared around 75% of sensitivity and PPV for brain tumor. Sensitivity improved by 10% when the second and third diagnoses were included. Neurosurgeons should be aware of these features of precision in preoperative differential diagnosis of a brain tumor for better surgical strategy and to adequately inform the patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number55
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume11
Issue number55
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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