Predicting behavior through dynamic modes in resting-state fMRI data

Shigeyuki Ikeda, Koki Kawano, Soichi Watanabe, Okito Yamashita, Yoshinobu Kawahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dynamic properties of resting-state functional connectivity (FC) provide rich information on brain-behavior relationships. Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) has been used as a method to characterize FC dynamics. However, it remains unclear whether dynamic modes (DMs), spatial-temporal coherent patterns computed by DMD, provide information about individual behavioral differences. This study established a methodological approach to predict individual differences in behavior using DMs. Furthermore, we investigated the contribution of DMs within each of seven specific frequency bands (0–0.1,…,0.6–0.7 Hz) for prediction. To validate our approach, we tested whether each of 59 behavioral measures could be predicted by performing multivariate pattern analysis on a Gram matrix, which was created using subject-specific DMs computed from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) data of individuals. DMD successfully predicted behavior and outperformed temporal and spatial independent component analysis, which is the conventional data decomposition method for extracting spatial activity patterns. Most of the behavioral measures that were predicted with significant accuracy in a permutation test were related to cognition. We found that DMs within frequency bands <0.2 Hz primarily contributed to prediction and had spatial structures similar to several common resting-state networks. Our results indicate that DMD is efficient in extracting spatiotemporal features from rs-fMRI data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118801
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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